This bibliography covers the period from circa. 500 to mid-16th century.

NB: our bibliography editors work to ensure that there is no overlap but as some works may cross-over time periods, duplication may be inevitable. 

Æthelwold, The Monastic Agreement of the Monks and Nuns of the English Nation, trans. by Thomas Symons (Nelson, 1953).

Amt, Emilie, ‘Making Their Mark : The Spectrum of Literacy among Godstow’s Nuns, 1400-1550’, in Nuns’ Literacies in Medieval Europe: The Kansas City Dialogue, ed. by Virginia Blanton, Veronica M. O’Mara, and Patricia Stoop (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015), pp. 307–25.

Andrews, Phil, ‘St George’ nunnery, Thetford’, Norfolk Archaeology, 41 (1993), 427-40.

Anon., ‘St.Helen’s, Bishopsgate [Mosaic]’, London Archaeologist, 2:4 (Sept. 1973), 96.

Auslander, Diane Peters, ‘Living with the Saint: Monastic Identity, Community and the Ideal of Asceticism in the life of an Irish Saint’, in Negotiating Community and difference in medieval Europe: gender, power, patronage and the authority of religion in Latin Christendom, ed. by K.A. Smith and Scott Wells (Brill: Leiden, 2009), 17-32.

Baker, Denise, ‘Julian of Norwich and the varieties of Middle English mystical discourse’, A companion to Julian of Norwich, ed. by Liz Herbert McAvoy, (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2008), 53-63.

Bainbridge, Virginia R., ‘Syon Abbey: Women and Learning c.1415-1600′, in Syon Abbey and its books: Reading Writing & Religion, c. 1400 – 1700′, ed. by Edward Alexander Jones and Alexandra Walsham (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2010), 82-103.

Bainbridge, Virginia R., ‘Women and the transmission of religious culture: benefactresses of three Bridgettine convents c. 1400-1600′,Birgittiana,  3 (1997), 55-76.

Barnes, Terri, ‘Work as a Manifestation of Faith in the English Nunnery : Barking Abbey, Essex’, Quidditas: The Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association, 32 (2011), 72–100.

Barnwell, P. S., Places of Worship in Britain and Ireland, 1350-1550, Rewley House Studies in the Historic Environment, 8 (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2019)

Barratt, Alexandra, ‘Books for Nuns: Cambridge University Library MS Additional 3042’, Notes and Queries, 3 (September, 1997), 310 – 19.

Barratt, Alexandra, “Take a Book and Read” : Advice for Religious Women’  in  Text and Traditions of Medieval Pastoral Care: Essays in honour of Bella Millett, ed. by C. Gunn, C. Innes-Parker and B. Millett (Woodbridge, 2009), 193-208.

Bartal, Renana, ‘The Pepys Apocalypse (Cambridge, Magdalene College, MS Pepys 1803) and the Readership of Religious Women’, Journal of Medieval History, 37 (2011), 358–77.

Bartlett, Anne Clark, Male Authors, Female Readers: Representation and Subjectivity in Middle English Devotional Literature (Cornell University Press, 1995).

Bateson, M., ‘Archbishop Warham’s Visitation of Monasteries, 1511’, English Historical Review, 6 (1891), 18-35.

Beach, Alison I., ‘Voices from a distant land: fragments of a twelfth-century nuns’ letter collection’, Speculum 77 (2002) 1, 34-54.

Beaumont, Casey, ‘Monastic Autonomy, Episcopal Authority and the Norman Conquest : The Records of Barking Abbey’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 38 (2016), 35–50.

Beer, F., Women and Mystical Experience in the Middle Ages, (Cambridge, 1992).

Bell, David, What Nuns Read: Books and Libraries in Medieval English Nunneries, (Kalamazoo, 1995).

Bell, David, ‘What Nuns Read: The State of the Question’, in The Culture of Medieval English Monasticism edited by James G. Clark (Woodbridge: Boydell &Brewer, 2007), pp. 113-133.

Bell, David N., ‘A token of friendship? Anselmian prayers and a nunnery’s psalter?’ in Voices in Dialogue: Reading Women in the Middle Ages, Eds. L. Olson & K. Kerby-Fulton ( Notre Dame, 2005), 114-123.

Bell, S. G., ‘Medieval Women Book Owners: Arbiters of lay piety and ambassadors of culture’, in Women and Power in the Middle Ages, ed. by M. Erler and M. Kowaleski (Athens, 1988), 149-187.

Berman, C. , ‘Were there any Twelfth-Century Cistercian Nuns?’, Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture, 68(4) (1999), 824-864.

Bettey, J.H. , ‘The suppression of the Benedictine nunnery at Shaftesbury in 1539’, Hatcher Review, 4:34 (1992), 3-11.

Bhreathnach, Edel, ‘Abbesses, minor dynasties and kings in clericatu: perspectives of Ireland, 700-850′, In Brown, Michelle P, Farr, Carol Ann (eds.), Mercia: an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in Europe (Leicester University Press, London, 2001), 113-25

Billinge, Frances, ‘The Meaning and History of Indio in Bovey Tracey, and the Legend of Its Nunnery’, Devon Historian, 85 (2016)

Bitel, Lisa M., Landscape with Two Saints : How Genovefa of Paris and Brigit of Kildare Built Christianity in Barbarian Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Bitel, Lisa M., ‘Hail Brigit!’ Gender, authority and worship in early Ireland’ in Irish Women’s History, ed. by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2004), 1-14.

Bitel, Lisa M., Isle of Saints: Monastic Settlement and Christian Community in Early Medieval Ireland (Ithaca, 1990).

Bitel, Lisa M., ‘Women’s monastic enclosures in early Ireland’, Journal of Medieval History, 12, March, 1986, 15-36.

Blaauw, W. H., ‘Episcopal Visitations of the Benedictine Nunnery of Easebourne’, Sussex Archaeological Collections (1855), 1-32.

Blanton, Virginia, ‘The Devotional Reading of Nuns : Three Legendaries of Native Saints in Late Medieval England’, in Nuns’ Literacies in Medieval Europe: The Hull Dialogue, ed. by Virginia Blanton, Veronica M. O’Mara, and Patricia Stoop (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), pp. 185–206.

Blanton, Virginia, and Helene Scheck, ‘Leoba and the Iconography of Learning in the Lives of Anglo-Saxon Women Religious, 660-780’, in Nuns’ Literacies in Medieval Europe: The Kansas City Dialogue, ed. by Virginia Blanton, Veronica M. O’Mara, and Patricia Stoop (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015), pp. 3–26.

Bliss, Jane, ‘An Anglo-Norman Nun: an Old English Gnome’, Notes and Queries, 56:1 (2009), 16-18.

Bolton, B., ‘Mulieres Sanctae’, in Sanctity and Secularity: The Church and the World, ed. by D. Baker (Oxford, 1973), 77-95.

Bond, James, ‘English medieval nunneries : buildings, precincts, and estates’. In Wood, Diana (ed.), Women and religion in medieval England (Oxford, 2003), 46-90.

Bond, James, Monastic Landscapes (Gloucestershire, 2004).

Boreham, Peter W., ‘Bridget Plantagenet: the princess who became a nun’, Dartford Historical & Antiquarian Society Newsletter, 38 (2001), 16-21.

Bourdillon, A. F. C. The Order of Minoresses in England (Manchester, 1926).

Bos, Elisabeth, ‘The Literature of Spiritual Formation for Women in France and England, 1080-1180’ in Listen, Daughter: The “Speculum virginum” and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages, ed. by Constant J. Mews, The New Middle Ages Series (New York: Palgrave, 2001), 201 – 220.

Bowers, Barbara S. (ed), The Medieval Hospital and Medical Practice (2007)

Bowsher, J., C. Thomas and B. Watson, ‘The Mendicant houses of medieval London: an archaeological review’, in The Friars in Medieval Britain: Proceedings of the 2007 Harlaxton Symposium (Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 19), ed. by Nicolas John Rogers (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2010), 265-97.

Boyle, A., ‘The list of abbesses in Conchubranus’ Life of Saint Monenna’, Ulster Journal of Archaeology, 34 (1972), 84-86.

Boynton, Susan, Sarah Kay, Alison Cornish, and Andrew Albin, ‘Sound Matters’, Speculum, 91 (2016), 998–1039

Brakspear, H., ‘Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire’, Archaeologia, 57 (1900).

Breay, ClaireThe Cartulary of Chatteris Abbey (Boydell Press, 1999).

Brock, E. P. Loftus, ‘Recent Discoveries at Barking Abbey [Proceedings of the Association, January 1876]’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 32 (1876), 112-14.

Brooks, BedaThe world of Saint Mildred, c.660-730 : a study of an Anglo-Saxon nun in the golden age of the English Church (Downside Abbey, 1996).

Brown, AndrewPopular Piety in Late Medieval England: The Diocese of Salisbury, 1250–1550 (Oxford University Press, 1995).

Brown, Jennifer N., ‘Discursive Strategies in the Nun of Barking’s Life of Edward the Confessor’, Old English Newsletter, 40: 3 (2007), 87–88.

Brown, Jennifer N., and Donna Alfano Bussell, eds., Barking Abbey and Medieval Literary Culture: Authorship and Authority in a Female Community (Woodbridge, Suffolk: York Medieval Press, 2012).

Brown, Linda D., ‘Inaudito Exemplo : The Abduction of Romsey’s Abbess’, Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques, 42.1 (2016), 21–36.

Brundage, J. and E. Makowski, ‘Enclosure of Nuns: The Decretal Periculoso and its Commentators’, Journal of Medieval History, 20 (1994), 143-155.

Bruce, Scott G., Silence and Sign Language in Medieval Monasticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Bryce, W.M., ‘The Convent of St Catherine of Siena’, The Book of Old Edinburgh Club 10 (1918), 96-153.

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, Women Priests at Barking Abbey in the Late Middle Ages’, in Women Intellectuals and Leaders in the Middle Ages(Woodbridge: D.S.Brewer, 2020), pp. 319–34 <>

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, ‘Made for a Templar, Fit for an Abbess: The Psalter, Cambridge, St. John’s College, MS C.18 (68)’, Speculum, 95.4 (2020), 1010–50 <>

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, The Care of Nuns : The Ministries of Benedictine Women in England during the Central Middle Ages (New York: Oxford University Press, 2019)

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, ‘Female Monastic Cantors and Sacristans in Central Medieval England : Four Sketches’, in Medieval Cantors and Their Craft : Music, Liturgy and the Shaping of History, 800-1500, Writing History in the Middle Ages, 3 (York: York Medieval Press, 2017), pp. 151–70

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, ‘The Development of the Consecration Rite for Abbesses and Abbots in Central Medieval England’, Traditio, 71 (2016), 91–141.

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, ‘Recovering the Histories of Women Religious in England in the Central Middle Ages : Wilton Abbey and Goscelin of Saint-Bertin’, Journal of Medieval History, 42 (2016), 285–303.

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, ‘The Practice of Penance in Communities of Benedictine Women Religious in Central Medieval England’, Speculum, 92.1 (2016), 36–84.

Bugyis, Katie Ann-Marie, ‘Female monastic cantors and sacristans in central medieval England: four sketches’, in Medieval cantors and their craft: music, liturgy and the shaping of history, 800-1500, ed. by Katie Ann-Marie Bugyis, Andrew Brock Kraebel and FASSLER, Margot Elsbeth Fassler (York: York Medieval Press, 2017), pp. 151-170.

Bullen, Mark W., ‘Troubles of the prioress of St Helen’s, Bishopsgate.’ Home Counties Magazine, 1 (1899), 33-39.

Burton, Janet, ‘The Chariot of Aminadab and the Yorkshire Priory of Swine’, in Pragmatic Utopias: Ideals and Communities, 1200–1630, eds. R. Horrox and S.R. Jones (Cambridge, 2001), 26-42.

Burton, Janet, ‘Cloistered Women and Male Authority : Power and Authority in Yorkshire Nunneries in the Later Middle Ages’,Thirteenth century England 10 : proceedings of the Durham conference 2003, ed. by R.H. Britnell, R. Frame & M. Prestwich (Woodbridge, 2005), 155-65.

Burton, Janet, ‘The Convent and the Community: Cause Papers as a Source for Monastic History’, in The foundations of medieval English ecclesiastical history: studies presented to David Smith (Studies in the History of Medieval Religion, 27), ed. by Phillipa M. Hoskin, Christopher Brooke, Lawrence Nugent and Richard Barrie Dobson (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2005), 63–76.

Burton, Janet, ‘Documenting the lives of medieval nuns’ in Recording medieval lives: proceedings of the 2005 Harlaxton Symposium (Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 17), ed. by Julie Boffey and Virginia Davis (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2009), 14-24.

Burton, Janet, ‘Looking for Medieval Nuns’, in Monasteries and Society in the British Isles in the Later Middle Ages (Studies in the history of Medieval Religion, 35), eds. J. Burton and K. Stöber (Woodbridge, 2008), 113-23.

Burton, Janet, Monastic and Religious Orders in Britain, 1000-1300, (Cambridge, 1994).

Burton, Janet, The Yorkshire Nunneries in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, Borthwick Paper no. 56, (York, 1979).

Burton, Janet, ‘Yorkshire Nunneries in the Middle Ages: Recruitment and Resources’, in Government, Religion and Society in Northern England 1000-1700, ed. by J. Appleby and C. Dalton (Stroud, 1997), 104-116.

Burton, Janet and Karen Stöber, eds., Monasteries and Society in the British Isles in the Later Middle Ages (Studies in the history of Medieval Religion, 35) (Woodbridge, 2008).

Burton, Janet and Karen Stöber, eds.Women in the Medieval Monastic World (Medieval monastic studies, 1) (Turnhout, 2015).

Butterill, C. A., ‘The cartulary of Flamstead’, Revue bénédictine, 99 (1989), 293-312.

Bryne, Philippa, ‘Making space for leprous nuns: Matthew Paris and the foundation of St. Mary de Pre, St. Albans’, in Gender in medieval places, spaces and thresholds, ed. by Victoria Blud, Diane Heath and Einat Klafter (London: University of London. Institute of Historical Research, 2019), pp. 45-59.

Campbell, Jane, ‘Women Scholars of the Middle Ages’, American Catholic Quarterly Review, 43 (1918), 237-46.

Cartwright, Jane, ‘Abbess Annes and the Ape’, in Monastic Wales: New Approaches, ed. by Janet E. Burton and Karen Stöber (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2013), pp. 191–207.

Cartwright, Jane, ‘The desire to corrupt : convent and community in medieval Wales’, in Medieval women in their communities, ed by D. Watt (Toronto, 1997), 20-48.

Cartwright, Jane, Feminine Sanctity and Spirituality in Medieval Wales (Cardiff, 2008).

Caviness, Madeline, ‘Anchoress, Abbess and Queen: Donor and Patrons or Intecessors and Matrons?’, in The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women, ed. J. H. McCash (Athens, 1996), 105-154.

Charles, Sara, ‘The Literacy of English Nuns in the Early Thirteenth Century: Evidence from London, British Library, Cotton MS Claudius D. III’, Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies, 6 (2017), 77–107

Cheney, C.R., ‘Harrold priory : a twelfth century dispute’, Bedfordshire Historical Record Society, 32, (1952), 1-26.

Clark, James G., ed. The Culture of Medieval English Monasticism (Boydell & Brewer, 2007).

Clark-Maxwell, W. G. , ‘The Outfit for the Profession of an Austin Canoness at Lacock, Wiltshire, in the year 1395, and Other Memoranda’, Archaeological Journal, 69 (1912), 117-124.

Clay, R. M. , ‘Further Studies on Medieval Recluses’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, (3rd ser., 16, 1953), 74-86.

Clay, R. M. , Hermits and Anchorites of England, (London, 1914).

Clayton, M. , ‘Hermits and the Contemplative Life in Anglo-Saxon England’, in Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints Lives and their Contexts, ed. by P. Szarmach (New York, 1996), 147-185.

Coakley, John W., Women, Men, and Spiritual Power: Female Saints and Their Male Collaborators (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007).

Coldicott, D. K. Hampshire Nunneries, (Chichester, 1989).

Collett, Barry (ed.)., Female monastic life in early Tudor England : with an edition of Richard Fox’s translation of the Benedictine rule for women, 1517 (Ashgate, 2002).

Collett, Barry, ‘Holy Expectations: The Female Monastic Vocation in the Diocese of Winchester on the Eve of the Reformation’, in The Culture of Medieval English Monasticism, ed. by James G. Clark (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2007), pp. 147-168.

Collett, Barry, ‘Organizing time for secular and religious purposes : The Contemplacion of Sinners (1499) and the translation of the Benedictine Rule for Women (1517) of Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester’, in The use and abuse of time in Christian history (Studies in Church History), ed. by R.N. Swanson (Woodbridge, 2002), 145-60.

Collins, A. J., Notes on the Lacock Abbey Magna Carta of 1225. (Washington, DC, 1947).

Collins, Tracy, ‘An Archaeology of Augustinian Nuns in Later Medieval Ireland’, in Households of God : The Regular Canons and Canonesses of St Augustine and Prémontré in Medieval Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts, 2019), pp. 87–102

Collins, Tracy, ‘Space and place: archaeologies of female monasticism in later medieval Ireland’, in Gender in medieval places, spaces and thresholds, ed. by Victoria Blud, Diane Heath and Einat Klafter (London: University of London. Institute of Historical Research, 2019), pp. 25-43.

Collins, Tracy, ‘Transforming Women Religious?: Church Reform and the Archaeology of Female Monasticism in Ireland’, in Monastic Europe : Medieval Communities, Landscapes, and Settlements, Medieval Monastic Studies, 4 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2019), pp. 277–301 <;

Collins, Tracy, ‘Unveiling Female Monasticism in Later Medieval Ireland: Survey and Excavation at St Catherine’s, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick’, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C, 119 (2019), 103–71 <;

Collins, Tracy, ‘Archaeologies of female monasticism in Ireland: Becoming and belonging c.1200–1600’, in Becoming and belonging in Ireland AD c.1200-1600 : essays in identity and cultural practice, ed. by Eve Campbell, Elizabeth FitzPatrick and Audrey J. Horning (Cork, Ireland: Cork University Press, 2018), pp. 69-87.

Collins, Tracy, ‘Isolated in the Wilderness : An Archaeological Exploration of Nunneries in the Medieval Landscape of Ireland’, in Church and Settlement in Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts, 2018), pp. 142–56

Condren, Mary, The Serpent and the Goddess: Women, Religion and Power in Celtic Ireland, (San Francisco, 1989).

Constable, G., ‘Aelred of Rievaulx and the Nun of Watton: An Episode in the Early History of the Gilbertine Order’, in Medieval Women, Dedicated and Presented to Professor Rosamund M. T. Hill on the Occasion of her Seventieth Birthday, ed. by D. Baker (Oxford, 1978), 205-226.

Cooke, K., ‘Donors and Daughters: Shaftesbury Abbey’s Benefactors, Endowments and Nuns c 1086-1130’, in Anglo-Norman Studies,XII, Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1989, ed. by M. Chibnall (Woodbridge, 1990), 29-45.

Cooke, K., ‘The English nuns and the dissolution’, in The cloister and the world : essays on medieval history in honour of Barbara Harvey, eds J. Blair and B. Golding (Oxford, 1996), 287–301.

Costa, Alexandra da,  ‘The brethren of Syon Abbey and pastoral care’ in A Companion to Pastoral Care in the Late Middle Ages (1200–1500). Ed. Ronald J. Stansbury (Leiden, 2010), 235–60.

Cousins, David, ‘Monks and Nuns in Late Medieval Dorset (1396–1539)’, Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society, 137 (2016), 65–104.

Cox, J. E., ed., The Annals of St. Helen’s, Bishopsgate, London (1876).

Crick, Julia C., ‘The Wealth, Patronage, and Connections of Women’s Houses in Late Anglo-Saxon England’, Revue Bénédictine, 109 (1999), 154–85.

Crittall, Elizabeth, ed. ‘Fragment of an account of the cellaress of Wilton abbey, 1299’, in Collectanea (Wilts. Archaeol. & Natural Hist. Soc., Records Branch, 12), ed. N. J. Williams (Devizes, 1956), 142-56.

Cross, Claire and Noreen Vickers, Monks, Friars and Nuns in Sixteenth Century Yorkshire, (Leeds: Printed for the Society, 1995).

Cross, Claire, ‘Yorkshire Nunneries in the Early Tudor Period’, in The religious orders in pre-Reformation England (Studies in the history of medieval religion, 18), ed. J. Clark (Woodbridge, 2002), 145-54.

Curran, Kimm, ‘“Shadows of Ghosts”: Rediscovering the Special Places of Medieval Female Monasteries through Experiential Approaches to Landscape’, in Monastic Europe : Medieval Communities, Landscapes, and Settlements, Medieval Monastic Studies, 4 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2019), pp. 523–44 <;

Curran, Kimm, ‘Looking for Medieval Female Religious in Britain and Ireland: Sources, Methodologies and Pitfalls’, in Monastic Life in the Medieval British Isles : Essays in Honour of Janet Burton (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2018), pp. 161–72

Curran, Kimm, ‘Looking for Nuns : A Prosopographical study of Scottish Nuns in the later Middle Ages’, Records of the Scottish Church History Society, 35 (2005), 28-67.

Daichman, Graciela, Wayward Nuns in Medieval Literature (Syracuse, 1986).

Davis, Virginia, ‘Medieval Longevity: The Experience of Members of Religious Orders in Late Medieval England’, Medieval Prosopography, 19 (1998), 111-124.

Deane, R. and Rodwell, Kirsty, ‘Maddington Priory : a measured survey and report’, Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, 81 (1987), 80-90.

De Cant, Genevieve et al, A World of Independent Women, From the 12th century to the Present Day, The Flemish Beguinages(Riverside Ct USA: Luciole Guides, 2003).

Dee Dyas, Edden, Valerie and Ellis, Roger Ellis (eds.), Approaching medieval English anchoritic and mystical texts (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2005).

De Hamel, Christopher, Syon Abbey : the library of the Bridgettine nuns and their peregrinations after the Reformation (Otley : Roxburghe Club, 1991).

De Robeck, NestaSt. Clare of Assisi (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1980).

De Val, Seamus S., ‘Religious orders and congregations in the diocese of Ferns’, in Memory and mission : Christianity in Wexford 600 to 2000 A.D., ed. W. Forde (Castlebridge, 1999), 93-100.

Dinshaw, C. and Wallace, D., eds., Medieval Women’s Writings (Cambridge, 2003).

Dobson, R.B. and Donaghey, Sara, Historical Sources for York Archaeology after AD 1100, pt. 1 : The History of Clementhorpe Nunnery (The archaeology of York, 2:1). 1984.

Dockray-Miller, Mary, ‘The myth of the virgin nun’, in Misconceptions about the Middle Ages, ed. Stephen J. Harris & Bryon L. Grigsby (New York, 2008), 60-62.

Donaldson, Gordon and D.E. Easson, ‘The Cistercian Nunnery of St Mary, Haddington’, TELAS 5 (1956), 1-24.

Drieshen, Clarck, ‘English Nuns as “Anchoritic Intercessors” for Souls in Purgatory : The Employment of A Revelation of Purgatory by Late Medieval English Nunneries for Their Lay Communities’, in Medieval Anchorites in Their Communities, ed. by Cate Gunn and Liz Herbert McAvoy (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2017), pp. 85–100

Driver, Martha W., ‘Nuns as patrons, artists, readers: Bridgettine woodcuts in printed books produced for the English market’ in Art into Life: Collected Papers from the Kresge Art Museum Medieval Symposia, Ed. Carol Garrett Fisher and Kathleen L Scott (East Lansing, 1995), 237-267.

Doyle, A. I., ’Books connected with the Vere family and Barking abbey’, Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society, ns, 25:2 (1958), 222-43.

Dutton, Marsha L., ‘Chaucer’s Two Nuns’, in Monasteries and society in medieval Britain: proceedings of the 1994 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Benjamin Thompson   (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1999), 21-37.

Easson, D.E. , ‘The Medieval Nunneries of Scotland’, TSES, Vol. 13:2 (1940-1), 22-38.

Easson, D.E., ‘The Nunneries of Galloway’, TDGAS, 3rd Series, 23 (1940-1), 190-9.

Eckenstein, L. Women Under Monasticism: Chapters on Saint-lore and Convent Life between AD500 and AD1500, (Cambridge, 1896).

Elkins, S. K. Holy Women of Twelfth-Century England, (Chapel Hill, 1988).

Elkins, Sharon K., (ed.), Nunneries Founded by Monks in Twelfth-Century England, (Kalamazoo, Michigan: Cistercian Publications, 1981).

Erler, Mary C., ‘Bishop Richard Fox’s manuscript gifts to his Winchester nuns : a second surviving example’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 52:2 (2001), 334-7.

Erler, Mary C., ‘English Vowed Women at the End of the Middle Ages’, Medieval Studies, 57 (1995), 155-203.

Erler, Mary C., ‘Exchange of books between nuns and laywomen: three surviving examples’, in New Science out of Old Books: Studies in Manuscripts and Early Printed Books in Honour of A.I. Doyle,  Eds., Richard Beadle and A.J. Piper (Aldershot, 1995), 360-373.

Erler, Mary C., The Life of Christina of Markyate, a Twelfth-Century Recluse, ed. and trans. C. H. Talbot (1959 corr. repr.; Oxford, 1987).

Erler, Mary C., ‘Private Reading in the Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century English Nunnery’, in The Culture of Medieval English Monasticism edited by James G. Clark (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2007), pp. 134-146.

Erler, Mary C., ‘Three fifteenth-century vowesses’, in Medieval London widows, 1300-1500, eds, C. Barron and A. F. Sutton(London, 1994), 165-84.

Erler, Mary C., ‘Religious women after the dissolution: Continuing community’, in London and the kingdom: essays in honour of Caroline M. Barron (Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 16), ed. by Matthew P. Davis and Andrew Prescott (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2008), 135-45.

Erler, Mary C., Women, Reading, and Piety in Late Medieval England, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Evans, J. and Cook, N., ‘A statue from the Minories’, Archaeological Journal, 113 (1957 for 1956), 102-7.

Fanous, S., and H. Leyser (eds.) Christina of Markyate; A Twelfth Century Holy Woman, (London, 2005).

Farmer, S., Rosenwein, Barbara H., (eds.), Monks and nuns, saints and outcasts: religion in medieval society: essays in honour of Lester K. Little (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 2000).

Filax, Elaine, ‘Female Ideal: Chaucer’s Second Nun’, in Sovereign Lady: Essays on Women in Middle English Literature, ed. by Muriel Whitaker (New York: Garland Publishing, 1995), 133 – 156.

Fizzard, Alison, ‘Corrodies at Houses of Regular Canons in England, c. 1485-1539’ in The Regular Canons in the Medieval British Isles, eds. Janet Burton and Karen Stöber (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2012.

Fizzard, Alison,’Nuns, Convents, and Monasteries: The Monastic Orders and Their Costumes’ on The Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles of the British Isles, c. 450-1450, eds. Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth and Maria Hayward (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2012).

Fizzard, AlisonPlympton Priory: A House of Augustinian Canons in South-Western England in the Late Middle Ages (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2008).

Fizzard, Alison, ‘Shoes, Boots, Leggings, and Cloaks: The Augustinian Canons and Dress in Later Medieval England’, Journal of British Studies 46 (April, 2007): 245-62.

Fly, H. , ‘Some Account of an Abbey of Nuns Formerly Situated in the Street now called the Minories in the County of Middlesex’, Archaeologia, 15 (1803), 92-113.

Foggie, Janet, Renaissance Religion in Urban Scotland: The Dominican Order, 1450-1560 (Leiden, 2003).

Foot, Sarah, ‘Bede’s Abbesses’, in Women Intellectuals and Leaders in the Middle Ages (Woodbridge: D.S.Brewer, 2020), pp. 261–76 <>

Foot, Sarah, ‘“Flores Ecclesiae” : Women in Early Anglo-Saxon Monasticism’, in Female Vita Religiosa between Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages: Structures, Developments and Spatial Contexts, ed. by Gert Melville and Anne Müller (Berlin: Lit, 2011), pp. 173–85.

Foot, Sarah, ‘Unveiling Anglo-Saxon nuns’, in  Women and Religion in Medieval England, Ed. Diana Wood (Oxford, 2003),  13-31.

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