This bibliography covers circa late 18th century to the modern day.

NB: our bibliography editors work to ensure that there is no overlap but as some works may cross-over time periods, duplication may be inevitable. 

[Anon], A Valliant Victorian : The Life and Times of Mother Emily Ayckbowm 1836-1900 of the Community of the Sisters of the Church (London: Mowbray, 1964).

Allchin, A.M., The Silent Rebellion: Anglican Religious Communities 1845-1900 (London: SCM Press, 1958).

Anson, Peter F.The Call of the Cloister: Religious Communities and Kindred Bodies in the Anglican Communion (London: SPCK, 1955).

Anson, Peter F., The Religious Orders and Congregations of Great Britain and Ireland (Worcester: Stanbrook Abbey, 1949).

Arnstein, Walter L.Protestant Versus Catholic in Mid-Victorian England: Mr. Newdegate and the Nuns (London: University of Missouri Press, 1982).

Battersby, W.J.,  ‘The Educational Work of the Religious Orders of Women: 1850-1950’, in George Andrew Beck ed., The English Catholics, 1850-1950 (London: Henderson and Spalding, 1950), 337-364.

Bellenger, Aidan, The French Exiled Clergy in the British Isles After 1789 (Bath: Downside Abbey Books, 1986).

Bellenger, Aidan, ‘France and England: The English Female Religious from Reformation to World War’, in Frank Tallett and Nicholas Atkin eds., Catholicism in Britain and France Since 1789 (London: The Hambledon Press, 1996), 3-11.

Bellenger, Aidan, ‘The Brussels Nuns at Winchester 1794-1857’, English Benedictine Congregation History Commission Symposium (1999), 1-9.

Blackmore, HenriettaThe Beginning of Women’s Ministry: The Revival of the Deaconesses in Nineteenth Century Church of England (Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer, 2007).

Blackmore, Henrietta, ‘Autonomous Mission and Ecclesiastical Authority:  the revival of the deaconess order in the Church of England, 1850-1900’ (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, 2004).

Blake, Donal S., Mary Aikenhead (1787-1858) Servant of the Poor, Founder of the Religious Sisters of Charity (Dublin: Caritas, n.d.).

Bolster, M. Angela, Catherine McAuley, Venerable for Mercy (Dublin: Dominican Publications, 1990).

Bolster, M. Angela, The Correspondence of Catherine McAuley, 1827-1841 (Cork: Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy, 1989).

Bolster, Evelyn, The Sisters of Mercy in the Crimean War (Dublin: Mercier Press, 1964).

Bourke, Mary CarmelA Woman Sings of Mercy Reflections on the Life and Spirit of Mother Catherine McAuley, (Sydney, Aus: E. J. Dwyer, 1987).

Brekus, Catherine A.The Religious History of American Women: Reimagining the Past (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2007).

Casteras, Susan P., ‘Virgin Vows: the Early Victorian Artists’ Portrayal of Nuns and Novices’, Victorian Studies, 24:2 (1980-1981), 157-184.

Champ, JudithWilliam Bernard Ullathorne: A Different Kind of Monk (Leominster: Gracewing, 2006).

Cho, Nancy Jiwon, ‘“Martyrs of England! Standing on High!”: Roman Catholic Women’s Hymn-writing for the Re-invigoration of the Faith in England’, in Laurence Lux-Sterritt and Carmen Mangion eds., Gender, Catholicism and Spirituality: Women and the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and Europe, 1200-1900 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), 131-148.

Clark, Anna, ‘Wild Workhouse Girls and the Liberal Imperial State in Mid-Nineteenth Century Ireland’, Journal of Social History, 39:2 (2005), 389-409.

Clear, CatrionaNuns in Nineteenth-Century Ireland (Dublin & Washington, D.C.: Gill and Macmillan & Catholic University of America Press, 1987).

Clear, Caitriona, ‘The Limits of Female Autonomy: Nuns in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’, in M. Luddy and C. Murphy eds., Women Surviving: Studies in Irish Women’s History in the 19th and 20th Centuries  (Dublin: Poolpeg, 1990), 15-50.

Clear, Caitriona, ‘Walls within Walls: Nuns in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’, in C. Curtin ed., Gender in Irish Society (Galway: Galway University Press, 1987), 134-151.

Collins, NeilThe Splendid Cause: The Missionary Society of St Columban 1916-1954 (Ireland: Columba Press, 2009).

Comitini, Patricia, Vocational Philanthropy and British Women’s Writing, 1790-1810 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005).

Cooke, ColmanMary Charles Walker, the Nun of Calabar (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1980).

Cruise, Edward, ‘Development of the Religious Orders’, in G.A. Beck, The English Catholics 1850-1950 (London: Burns and Oates, 1950).

Cullingford, Elizabeth Butler, ‘“Our nuns are not a nation”: politicizing the convent in literature and film’, Eire-Ireland, 41:1 (2006), 9-39.

D’Amico, Diane, ‘“Choose the stairs that mount above”: Christian Rossetti and the Anglican Sisterhoods’, Essays in Literature, 17 (1990), 204-221.

Daughters of Wisdom,  Wisdom’s way: Daughters of Wisdom, Province of Great Britain and Ireland, 1891-2011 (Daughters of Wisdom, 2011).

Day, Peter, Dictionary of Religious Orders (London: Burns and Oates, 2001).

Denison, Keith MalcolmThe Sisterhood Movement: A Study in the Conflicts of Ideals and Spiritual Disciplines in Nineteenth-Century Anglicanism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971).

Devas, F. C., Mother Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart, Foundress of the Poor Servants of the Mother of God (London: Burns, Oates and Washbourne, 1927).

Dickinson, Dominic et al., Trees of Mercy, Sisters of Mercy of Great Britain from 1839 (Sisters of Mercy, 1993).

Dougherty, Patrick, Mother Mary Potter, Foundress of the Little Company of Mary (Rome: Little Company of Mary, 1961).

Doyle, Mary KatherineLike a Tree by Running Water: The story of Mary Baptist Russell, California’s first Sister of Mercy (Nevada City, Blue Dolphin Publishing, 2004).

Duddy, Marie, The call of the north: a history of the Sisters of Mercy, Down and Connor Diocese, Ireland  (Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation, 2010).

Duggan, Maura, In search of truth: journeys of nineteenth century Irish Dominican women (Dublin: Linden, 2010).

Egan, Josephine, A century of service in Wales: the story of the Daughters of the Holy Spirit, 1902-2002 (Abergavenny: Three Peaks Press, 2005).

Enright, Seamus, ‘Women and Catholic life in Dublin, 1766-1852’, in James Kelly and Daire Keogh eds., History of the Catholic diocese of Dublin (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000), 268-293.

Fahey, Tony, ‘Nuns in the Catholic Church in Ireland in the Nineteenth Century’, in M. Cullen ed., Girls Don’t Do Honours: Irish Women in Education in the 19th and 20th Centuries (Dublin: Women’s Education Bureau, 1987), 7-30.

Ferguson, CatherineMargaret Anna Cusack (The Nun of Kenmare): Knock November 1881 – December 1883 (Warrenpoint, Co Down, 2008).

Flaherty, Teresa A., Crossings in Mercy: The Story of the Sisters of Mercy Papua New Guinea, 1956-2006 (St. Mary’s, S.A.: Openbook Howden Design & Print, 2008).

Flaxman, Radegunde, A Woman Styled Bold, the Life of Cornelia Connelly 1809-1879 (London: DLT, 1991).

Forshaw, Helen et al eds., History, Society of the Holy Child Jesus (7 vols, 1996-2005).

Frith, Joy, ‘Pseudonuns: Anglican Sisters and the Politics of Victorian Identity’ (unpublished doctoral thesis, Queen’s University, Canada, 2004).

Gallagher, Brigid, ‘Father Victor Braun and the Catholic Church in England and Wales, 1870-1882’, Recusant History, 28 (2007), 547-574.

Gilley, Sean, ‘The Power of Christian Ladyhood: Priscilla Lydia Sellon and the creation of Anglican Sisterhoods’, in S. Mews ed., Modern Religious Rebels.  Essays Presented to John Kent (London: Epworth Press, 1993).

Gilmartin, John Maiben, ‘Luxury and austerity, patronage and charity: landlords and a Galway convent’, in Jacqueline Hill and Colm Lennon eds., Luxury and Austerity (Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 1999), 182-195.

Greville DC, Judith, ‘The Daughters of Charity and Children’s Records’, Catholic Archives Journal, 25 (2005), 42-53.

Hannaway, Ita, Mission Unimagined, The Story of Mother Mary Finbarr Collins of the Missionary Sisters of St Columban (Wicklow: Missionary Sisters of St Columban, 2006).

Hapke, Laura, ‘Sisterhoods’, in Sally Mitchell ed., Victorian Britain: an Encyclopedia (New York and London: Garland, 1988), 725.

Haste, Amanda J. A., ‘Buying into the monastic experience: are chant recordings the real thing?’, in Russell Cobb ed., Genuine Copies: The Paradox of Authenticity in a Globalized World (London; New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2014), 69-84.

Haste, Amanda J. A., ‘The Role of Music in Anglican Monasticism in the Twenty-First Century’ (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Bristol, 2009).

Haste, Amanda J. A., ‘Prayerful silence and creative response in twenty-first century monasticism’, Culture and Religion, 14:3 (2013), 268-288.

Hellinckx, Bart, Simon, Frank, and Depaepe, MarcThe Forgotten Contribution of the Teaching Sisters: A historiographical essay on the educational work of Catholic women religious in the 19th and 20th centuries (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2009).

Herringer, Carol Engelhardt, Victorians and the Virgin Mary: Religion and Gender in England, 1830-85 (Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2008).

Hetherington, Anne and Pauline Smoothy eds., The Correspondence of Mother Vincent Whitty, 1839 to 1892 (St. Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 2011).

Hollinshead, Janet E., ‘Nuns in England: An Historiographical Overview’, North West Catholic History, 30 (2002), 151-156.

Hoy, Suellen, ‘The Journey out: the recruitment and emigration of Irish religious women to the United States, 1812-1914’, Journal of Women’s History, 6/7:4/1 (1995), 64-98.

Hurley, Frank, ‘Kinsale nuns in the Crimea: 1854-56’, Kinsale Historical Journal, 1:1 (1986), 31-36.

Ingelbien, Raphael, ‘“St Beghe is a most liberal saint”: Lady Morgan and the Beguines in the 1830s’, Trajecta, 21:2 (2012), 192-203.

Jacobs, Antoine, ‘A Spiritual Power House: The Dutch Carmelite Monastery in Blackburn (1956-1996)’, Trajecta, 21:2 (2012), 153-169.

Jeffery, BarbaraLiving for the Church before everything else: The Hardman Family Story (privately published, 2010).

Kealy, Máire M.Dominican Education in Ireland 1820-1930 (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2007).

Kealy, Máire M., From Channel Row to Cabra: Dominican nuns and their times, 1717-1820  (Dublin : Columba Press, 2010).

Kehoe, S. KarlyCreating a Scottish Church: Catholicism, gender and ethnicity in nineteenth-century Scotland (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010).

Kehoe, S. Karly, ‘Special Daughters of Rome: Glasgow and Its Roman Catholic Sisters, 1847-1913’ (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Glasgow, 2004).

Kehoe, S. Karly, ‘Irish Migrants and the Recruitment of Catholic Sisters to Glasgow, 1847-1878’, in Frank Ferguson and James McConnell eds., Ireland and Scotland in the Nineteenth Century (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009), 35-47.

Kehoe, S. Karly, ‘Nursing the Mission: The Franciscan Sisters of the Immaculate Conception and the Sisters of Mercy in Glasgow 1847-1866’, Innes Review, 56 (2005), 46-60.

Kehoe, S. Karly, ‘The Venerable Margaret Sinclair: An Examination of the Cause of Edinburgh’s Twentieth-Century Factory Girl’, Feminist Theology, 16 (2008), 169-183.

Keogh, Dáire, Edmund Rice and the first Christian Brothers (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2008).

Kilbride, Catherine and Raftery, Deirdre, The Voyage Out: Infant Jesus Sisters Ireland 1909-2009 (Dublin: IJS Centenary Committee, 2009).

Kilroy, PhilMadeleine Sophie Barat: a life (Cork: Cork University Press, 2000).

Kilroy, Phil, ‘The use of continental sources of women’s religious congregations and the writing of religious biography: Madeleine Sophie Barat, 1779-1865’, in Maryann Gialanella Valiulis and Mary O’Dowd eds., Women and Irish history (Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 1997), 59-70.

Kilroy, Phil, ‘The writing of religious women’s history: Madeleine Sophie Barat (1779-1865)’, in Rosemary Raughter ed., Religious Women and Their History: Breaking the Silence (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2005), 9-24.

Kirkus, M. Gregory, An IBVM/CJ biographical dictionary of the English members and major benefactors, 1667-2000 (2nd enlarged edition York: Bar Convent Trust, 2007).

Knight, F., ‘“Male and Female He Created Them”: Men, Women and the Question of Gender’, in John Wolffe ed., Religion in Victorian Britain, V: Culture and Empire (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997), 24-57.

Knight, Mark and Mason, EmmaNineteenth-Century Religion and Literature: An Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Koehlinger, Amy L.The New Nuns : Racial Justice and Religious Reform in the 1960s (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2007).

Kollar, Rene, A Foreign and Wicked Institution? The Campaign against Convents in Victorian England (Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick, 2011).

Kollar, Rene, ‘The 1897 Lambeth Conference and the Question of Religious Life in the Anglican Communion’, Cistercian Studies, 26: 4 (1991), 319-329.

Kollar, Rene, ‘An Anglican Sisterhood and Auricular Confession: A Popish Practicein a Devonport Sisterhood’, Sewanee Theological Review, 47: 1 (2003), 33-52.

Kollar, Rene, ‘Flowers, Pictures, and Crosses: Criticisms of Priscilla Lydia Sellon’s Care of Young Girls’, Anglican Theological Review, 86:3 (2004), 451-471.

Kollar, Rene, ‘Magdalenes and Nuns: Convent Laundries in Late Victorian England’, Anglican and Episcopal History, 73:3 (2004), 309-334.

Kollar, Rene, ‘A Death in the Family: Bishop Archibald Campbell Tait, the Rights of Parents and Anglican Sisterhoods in the Diocese of London’, Journal of Religious History, 27: 2 (2003), 198-214.

Kollar, Rene, ‘Allegations of Convent Violence, the campaign against sisterhoods in Victorian England, and the Response of Parliament’, Studia Monastica, 50:2 (2008), 255-273.

Kollar, Rene, ‘Foreign and Catholic: a plea to Protestant parents on the dangers of convent education in Victorian England’, History of Education, 31:4 (2002), 335-350.

Kollar, Rene, OSB, ‘Those Horrible Iron Cages: The Sisters of the Church and the Care of Orphans in Late Victorian England’, The American Benedictine Review, 53 (2002), 264-284.

LaMonaca, MariaMasked Atheism: Catholicism and the Secular Victorian Home (Columbus, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2008).

Lancaster, JudithCornelia Connelly and her Interpreters (Oxford: The Way, 2004).

Lenahan, Niamh, ‘”The very nuns I want for that place over there”: the arrival and early years of the Little Company of Mary in Limerick, 1888-1930’, The Old Limerick Journal, 54 (2019), 39-45.

Leonard, EithneFrances Taylor Mother Magdalen S.M.G.: A Portrait 1832-1900 (London: St Paul’s Publishing, 2015).

Leonard, Eithne, Frances Taylor Mother Magdalen SMG: A Portrait 1832-1900 (privately published, 2005).

Linscott, Mary, SND, ‘The Experience of Women Religious’, in Governance and Authority in the Roman Catholic Church: Beginning a Conversation ed. by N. Timms and K. Wilson (London: SPCK, 2000), 70-90.

Luddy, Maria ed., The Crimean Journals of the Sisters of Mercy, 1854-56 (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2004).

Luddy, MariaProstitution and Irish Society, 1800–1940 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Luddy, Maria, ‘“Angels of Mercy”: Nuns as Workhouse Nurses, 1861-1898′, in G. Jones and E. Malcolm eds., Medicine, Disease and State in Ireland, 1650-1940, (Cork: Cork University Press, 1999), 102-117.

Luddy, Maria, ‘Convent archives as sources for Irish history’, in Rosemary Raughter ed., Religious Women and Their History: Breaking the Silence (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2005), 98-115.

Luddy, Maria ‘Presentation convents in County Tipperary, 1803-1900’, Tipperary Historical Journal (1992), 84-95.

Luddy, Maria, ‘Prostitution and rescue work in nineteenth-century Ireland’ in Women surviving: studies in Irish women’s history in the 19th and 20th centuries ed. by Maria Luddy and Cliona Murphy (Dublin: Poolbeg Press, 1990) 51-84.

Luddy, Maria, ‘Religion, Philanthropy and the State in Late Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century Ireland’, in H. Cunningham and J. Innes eds., Charity, Philanthropy and Reform: From the 1690s to 1850 (Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan and St Martin’s Press, 1998).

Luddy, Maria, ‘Women and Charitable Organisations in Nineteenth Century Ireland’, Women’s Studies International Forum, 11 (1988), 301-305.

Luddy, Maria, Women and Philanthropy in Nineteenth-Century Ireland (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Lux-Sterrit, Laurence and Mangion, Carmen M. eds., Gender, Catholicism and Spirituality: Women and the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and Europe, 1200-1900 (London: Palgrave, 2010).

Lyons, Mary, Governance Structures of the Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy: Becoming One (Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 2005).

Mac Curtain, Margaret, Ariadne’s Thread: Writing Women into Irish History (Galway: Arlen House, 2008).

Mac Curtain, Margaret, ‘Catholic Sisterhoods in 20th-Century Ireland’, Religious Life Review, 39:200 (2000), 19-31.

Mac Curtain, Margaret, ‘Fullness of life: defining female spirituality in twentieth-century Ireland’, in Maria Luddy and C. Murphy eds., Women Surviving (Dublin: Poolpeg, 1990), 233-263.

Mac Curtain, Margaret, ‘Godly Burdens: The Catholic Sisterhoods in Twentieth Century Ireland’, in A. Bradley and M. G. Valiulis eds., Gender and Sexuality in Modern Ireland (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997), 245-256.

Mac Curtain, Margaret, ‘Late in the Field:  Catholic Sisters in Twentieth-Century Ireland and the New Religious History’, in M. O’Dowd and S. Wichert eds., Chattel, Servant or Citizen.  Women’s Status in Church, State and Society (Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies, 1995), 34-44.

Magray, Mary Peckham, The transforming power of the nuns: women, religion and cultural change in Ireland, 1750-1900 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Makower, Frances, Towards Tomorrow, The Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (London: DLT, 2000).

Mangion, Carmen M.Catholic nuns and sisters in a secular age. Britain 1945-90 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Syon Abbey’s “Second Summer”, 1900-1950’, in Elin Andersson, Claes Gejrot, Eddie Jones and Mia Åkestam eds., Continuity and Change. Papers from the Brigitta Conference at Dartington 2015 (Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitetsakademien, 2017), 367-388.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘”No Nurses like the Deaconesses”?: Protestant Deaconesses and the Medical Marketplace in Late Nineteenth-Century England’, in Karen Nolte and Susanne Kreutzer eds., Deaconesses in Nursing Care – International Transfer of a Female Model of Life and Work in the 19th and 20th Century (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2016), 161-184.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘London’s Catholic Almspeople’, in Helen Caffrey, Nigel Goose and Anne Langley eds., New Perspectives on Philanthropy: the British Almshouse 1400-1914 (FACHRS, 2016), 347-364.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Filles de la Charité et Sourds-Muets. Une Histoire Transnationale (1869-1901)’, in Matthieu Brejon de Lavergnée ed., Des Filles de la Charité aux Soeurs de Saint-Vincent-de-Paul: quatre siècles de ‘cornettes’ (XVIIe-XXe s.) (Paris: Honoré Champion, 2016), 291-308.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Housing the “Decayed Members” of the Middle Classes: Social Class and St Scholastica’s Retreat, 1861-1901’, Continuity and Change, 29:3 (2014), 373-398.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Dickinson, Frances (1755-1830)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Developing Alliances: Faith, Philanthropy and Fundraising in nineteenth-century England’, in Maarten van Dijck, Jan de Maeyer, Jimmy Koppen and Jeffrey Tyssens eds., The Economics of Providence: Management, Finances and Patrimony of Religious Orders and Congregations in Europe 1773-1931 (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2013).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Avoiding “Rash and Imprudent Measures”: English Nuns in Revolutionary Paris, 1789-1801’, in Caroline Bowden and James E. Kelly eds., Communities, Culture and Identity: the English Convents in Exile, 1600-1800 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2013), 247-263.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘”Meeting a Well-known Want”: Catholic Specialist Hospitals for Long-Term Medical Care in Late Nineteenth-Century England and Wales’, in Christopher Bonfield, Jonathan Reinarz and Teresa Huguet-Termes eds., Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960 (Bern: Peter Lang, 2013), 239-262.

Mangion, Carmen M.Convents and the Outside World: vol. 6 of James Kelly and Caroline Bowden eds., English Convents in Exile, 1600-1800 (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2012).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Faith, Philanthropy and the Aged Poor’, European Review of History, 19:4 (2012), 515-530.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘“To console, to nurse, to prepare for eternity”: The Catholic sickroom in late nineteenth-century England, Women’s History Review, 21:4 (2012), 657-678.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘“The business of life”: Educating Catholic deaf children in late nineteenth-century England’, History of Education, 42:1 (2012), 575-594.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘“Why, would you have me live upon a gridiron?”: Pain, Identity, and Emotional Communities in Nineteenth-Century English Convent Culture’, Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 15 (2012), 1-16.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘“Give them practical lessons”: Catholic women religious and the transmission of nursing knowledge in late nineteenth-century England’, in Martin Dinges and Robert Jütte eds., The Transmission of Health Practices (c. 1500 to 2000) (Institute for the History of Medicine of the Robert Bosch Foundation, 2011), 89-104.  

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘The “Mixed Life”: Balancing the Active with the Contemplative’, in Laurence Lux-Sterritt and Carmen M. Mangion eds., Gender, Catholicism and Spirituality: Women and the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and Europe, 1200-1900, (London: Palgrave, 2010).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Religious Ministry and Feminist Practice, 1830-1930’, in Sue Morgan and Jacqueline de Vries eds., Women, gender and religious cultures in Britain, 1800-1940 (London: Routledge, 2010).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Medical Philanthropy and civic culture: Protestants and Catholics united by a ‘common christianity’’, in Susanne Malchau Dietz ed., Proceedings – The First Danish History of Nursing Conference (Aarhus: Dansk Sygeplejehistorisk Museum, 2009).

Mangion, Carmen M., Contested Identities: Catholic Women Religious in nineteenth-century England and Wales (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008).

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘Laying ‘Good Strong Foundations’: The Power of the Symbolic in the Formation of a Religious Sister’, Women’s History Review, 16 (2007), 403-415.

Mangion, Carmen M., ‘“Good Teacher” or “Good Religious”? The Professional Identity of Catholic Women Religious in Nineteenth-Century England and Wales’, Women’s History Review, 14:2 (2005), 223-239.

Marie Therese (Mother)Cornelia Connelly, A Study in Fidelity (London: Burns and Oates, 1963).

Mason, Margaret J., ‘The Blue Nuns of Norwich: 1800-1805’, Recusant History, 24 (1998), 89-122.

Mason, Margaret J., ‘Nuns and Vocations of the Unpublished Jerningham Letters: Charlotte Bedingfield, Augustinian Canoness (1802-1876), Louise Jerningham, Franciscan Abbess (1808-1893), and Clementina Jerningham, Marquise de Ripert-Monclar (1810-1864)’, Recusant History, 21:4 (1993), 503-555.

Maynard, Jean Olwen, Sisters of Mercy, Bristol (London: Mercy Union Generalate, 2008).

Maynard, Jean Olwen, 150 years of mercy: a history of the Sisters of Mercy, Commercial Road, East London (London: Mercy Union Generalate, 2009).

McAdam, Gloria, ‘Willing Women and the Rise of Convents in Nineteenth-century England’, Women’s History Review (1999), 411-441.

McArthur, Tonya Moutray, ‘Unwed Orders: Religious Communities for Women in the Works of Elizabeth Gaskell’, Gaskell Society Journal, 17 (2003), 59-76.

McClelland, Maria G., The Sisters of Mercy, Popular Politics and the Growth of the Roman Catholic Community in Hull, 1855-1930, Roman Catholic Studies (Lewiston, NY & Lampeter, UK: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2000).

McDonnell, Jeanette ClareThe Franciscan Sisters Minoress, Response in Faith 1888-1988 (unknown binding, 1988).

McDougall, RoseanneCornelia Connelly’s Innovation in Female Education, 1846-1864: Revolutionizing the School Curriculum for Girls (Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellon Press, 2008).

McKenna, Yvonne, Made Holy: Irish Women Religious at Home and Abroad (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006).

McKenna, Yvonne, ‘A Gendered Revolution: Vatican II and Irish Women Religious’, Irish Feminist Review, vol. I (2005), 75-93.

McKenna, Yvonne, ‘Embodied Ideals and Realities: Irish nuns and Irish womanhood, 1930s–1960s’, Éire/Ireland, 40:3/4 (2006), 40-63.

McKenna, Yvonne, ‘Entering Religious Life, Claiming Subjectivity: Irish Nuns, 1930s-1960s’, Women’s History Review, 15 (2006), 189-211.

McKenna, Yvonne, ‘Forgotten Migrants: Irish Women Religious in England, 1930s-1960s’, The International Journal of Population Geography, 9 (2003), 295-308.

McKenna, Yvonne, ‘“Sisterhood”? Exploring Power Relations in the Collection of Oral Histories’, Oral History, 31:1 (2003), 65-72.

Metcalfe, Camillus, For God’s sake: the hidden life of Irish nuns (Dublin: Liffey Press, 2014).

Morgan, Sue and de Vries, Jacqueline, eds., Women, Gender and Religious Cultures in Britain, 1800-1940 (London: Routledge, 2010).

Morris, Joan, Against Nature and God, The History of Women with the Jurisdiction of Bishops (London: Mowbrays, 1973).

Moutray, Tonya J., Refugee Nuns, the French Revolution, and British Literature and Culture (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2016).

Mumm, Susan, ed., All Saints Sisters of the Poor: An Anglican Sisterhood in the Nineteenth Century (Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 2001).

Mumm, Susan, ‘“A Peril to the Bench of Bishops”: Sisterhoods and Episcopal Authority in the Church of England, 1845-1908′, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 39 (2008), 62-78.

Mumm, Susan, ‘“Not worse than other girls”: the convent-based rehabilitation of fallen women in Victorian Britain’, Journal of Social History, 29 (1996), 527-546.

Mumm, SusanStolen daughters, virgin mothers: Anglican sisterhoods in Victorian Britain (London: Leicester University Press, 1998).

Murphy, John Nicholas, Terra Incognita or the Convents of the United Kingdom (London: Longmans, 1873; ‘Popular Edition’, London: Burns and Oates, 1876).

Murphy, Marian T.Elizabeth of the Trinity, Her Life and Spirituality: The Vast Triangled Heart (Leominster: Gracewing, 2011).

Murphy, Marian T. ed., Always believe in love: selected writings of Elizabeth of the Trinity (Washington, DC: ICS Publications, 2017).

Nelson, SiobanSay Little, Do Much: Nurses, Nuns, and Hospitals in the Nineteenth Century (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001).

Nye, AnselmA Peculiar Kind of Mission: The English Dominican Sisters, 1845-2010 (Leominster: Gracewing, 2011).

Nye, Anselm, ‘“A Certain Latitude can be conceded…” English Dominican Sisters in the Great War’, History of Women Religious Triennial Conference, University of Scranton, Pennsylvania (29 June 2010).

O’Brien, Susan, Leaving God for God: the Daughters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul in Britain, 1847-2017 (London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 2017).

O’Brien, Susan, ‘Les Filles de la Charité et le renouveau de la vie consacrée feminine dans la Grande-Bretagne du XIX century’, in Des Filles de la Charité, Soeurs de Saint-Vincent-de-Paul: Quatre siècles de cornettes, Matthieu Brejon de Lavergnée ed., (Paris, Honoré Champion, 2016), 273-290.

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